Grasp the CAP: Quiz on EU agriculture

Question:What does the abbreviation CAP mean?

Comprehensive Agricultural Policy

Capable Agrarian Politics

Common Agricultural Policy

The Common Agricultural Policy is the agricultural policy of the EU. It implements a system of agricultural subsidies and other programmes including rural development. It has been criticised for its lack of social and environmental ambition.

Question:How much of the EU’s budget is spent on agricultural policy (in %)?

51% of the EU budget

38% of the EU budget

21% of the EU budget

Every year, 58 billion Euro, almost 38 percent of the EU budget, are spent on the EU Common Agricultural Policy.

Question:What is the average size of a farm in the EU?

Around 16.1 hectares per farm.

Around 150 hectares per farm.

Around 81 hectares per farm.

Farms have an average size of 16.1 hectares per agricultural holding. Farm sizes vary widely in different EU countries, from an average of 3 hectares in Romania to 133 hectares in the Czech Republic.

Question:A big share of the CAP is paid as direct payments to farmers. How many of all recipients are getting 80% of the payments (in %)?

80% of the direct payments go to 75% of the farms.

80% of the direct payments go to 40% of the farms.

80% of the direct payments go to 20% of the farms.

Direct payments reinforce inequality among farmers, with the bulk of it going to large-scale, industrial farms. Across the EU as a whole, 80 percent of such payments go to just 20 percent of farms.

Question:How many farms had to give up their business in the last 10 years in the EU (in %)?

In the last 10 years over 30% of the farms had to close down.

In the last 10 years around 20% of the farms had to close down.

In the last 10 years around 10% of the farms had to close down.

In just ten years, the whole European Union lost one third of its farms. Mostly small farms have to give up, while the big ones keep growing.

Question:What is the land area covered by agriculture in the EU (in %)?

Around 40% of the total land area in the EU

Around 61% of the total land area in the EU

Around 28% of the total land area in the EU

Agricultural land covers 175 million hectares or 1.750.000 km² in the EU. This is around 40 % of the total land area of the EU.

Question:How much of Europe’s farmland birds has disappeared over the last 40 years? (in %)

Europe has lost over 15% of its farmland birds.

Europe has lost over 65% of its farmland birds.

Europe has lost over 50% of its farmland birds.

In the last 40 years, Europe has lost over 50% of its farmland bird population.

Question:What share of GHG emissions does our food system cause globally (in %)?

Our food system contributes 12% of GHG-emissions globally.

Our food system contributes 37% of GHG-emissions globally.

Our food system contributes 28% of GHG-emissions globally.

Food systems are responsible for up to 37% of GHG emissions globally. Big polluters are: intensive livestock, land conversion, peatland destruction, fertilisers.

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Want to find out more about agricultural policies in the European Union? Check out the Agricultural Atlas.

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